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Creating Recycling Society

Yamaha Motor is working to create a recycling-oriented society through business activities.

The 3R concept (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) is becoming ever more important in all phases of product life cycles, from development and production to use and final disposal, in order to create a recycling-oriented society. The Yamaha Motor Group set "promoting recycling and the effective use of limited resources" as a goal and has undertaken various initiatives to meet it.

Going forward, we will continue to adopt various approaches to conserve natural resources and enhance recycling efficiency. In addition to actively utilizing recyclable materials, we are reducing the number of parts and making them smaller by pursuing optimal size. We also use LED technologies to lengthen product life while adopting designs that facilitate dismantling and improving the recyclability of parts. Our aim is to improve the applicability of the 3R concept to our products.

Reduction of New Resource Use through the Use of Renewable Resources

3R Designs and Product Recycling

The Yamaha Motor Group is proactively incorporating the "3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) design" in its various products. In Japan, we continue to work with other companies in our industry in the "motorcycle recycling system" for appropriate disposal by stores handling motorcycle scrapping. We also participate in a similar "recycling system for small FRP boats" in the marine segment, and are also implementing "renewal, reduce, reuse, recycle" initiatives for FRP pools.

3R Design in Motorcycles
3R Design in Motorcycles
Motorcycle Recycling System

To promote the appropriate disposal of scrapped motorcycles and the recycling and reuse of resources, 11 domestic motorcycle manufacturers*1 and importers*2 are cooperating in a voluntary initiative to achieve a recycling-oriented society. In 2018, the recycling rate was 97.5%. Along with promoting the use of the motorcycle recycling system, the Yamaha Motor Group takes responsibility for the appropriate disposal and recycling of Yamaha end-of-life motorcycles that customers wish to scrap.

*1: Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Suzuki Motor Corporation, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.
*2: EKA Co., Ltd., Presto Corporation, Bright Co., Ltd., Ducati Japan Ltd., BMW Japan Corp., SPK Corporation, Kymco Japan, Inc. (as of April 1, 2020)

Process of the Motorcycle Recycling System
Recycling System for Small FRP Boats

The recycling system for small boats (boats, yachts, personal watercraft, fishing boats, etc.) made from glass fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) is mainly carried out by the Japan Marine Industry Association's FRP Boat Recycling Center. After scrapped FRP boats are taken to subcontracted, designated collection centers and roughly disassembled, FRP materials are taken to an intermediate processing center where they are crushed and sorted, and finally calcined to cement for recycling (material thermal recycling).

Yamaha Motor participates in this recycling system, and takes responsibility for appropriately disposing of and recycling FRP boats that customers wish to scrap and have recycled.

Process of Recycling System for Small FRP Boats
FRP Pool—Renewal

Yamaha Motor contributes to the realization of a recycling-oriented society by developing technology for creating environmentally friendly pools that leverage the merits of FRP materials. Yamaha Motor's renewal construction method makes the most of the structures of existing concrete pools, and therefore it minimizes the crushing noise generated by vibration drills and operating noise of large heavy machinery during disassembly. Moreover, while disassembling concrete pools normally produces about 350 tons of waste materials, this method requires only partial removal of the existing structure, reducing the amount of waste materials by approximately 85%. Compared with typical reconstruction and renewal work, it significantly reduces environmental burden.

Full renewal construction method
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Full renewal construction method

This is a basic construction method that makes the most of an existing concrete pool in renewing it as an FRP pool.
The original concrete pool is covered with an FRP renewal unit that is secured with special stays. A layer of sand filled underneath the FRP floor panel serves as a cushion to reduce impact.
Full renewal using this method is completed in approximately 45 days, much shorter than the average construction period required to build a new pool.

Pit renewal construction method
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Pit renewal construction method

Old concrete pools often have buried pipes, which require a considerable amount of time and effort to deal with any pipe problems. With the pit renewal construction method, new piping pits are installed between the existing concrete pool and the FRP unit. This ensures the new pool can be maintained more easily with minimal costs.

FRP Pool—Reduce

In a recycling-oriented society, reducing waste is the top priority. FRP pools boast excellent corrosion and earthquake resistance and a long service life, enabling them to be used over an extended period of time by providing regular maintenance. The first school pool delivered more than 40 years ago in 1978 is still safely used today.

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Installed in 1978 (Iwata City Tobu Elementary School, Shizuoka Prefecture)
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Installed in 1988 (Tsumagoi Water Park)
FRP Pool—Reuse

Yamaha Motor's FRP reuse construction method employs a unique modular construction that enables the pools to be disassembled and relocated for reuse.

The temporary pool used at the FINA World Championships was disassembled and relocated to be reused as a permanent pool
The temporary pool used at the FINA World Championships was disassembled and relocated to be reused as a permanent pool
FRP Pool—Recycle

FRP materials can be recycled in various ways, such as melting them so that they can be reused as resources and heat recovery (power generation). Now, they can also be recycled to be used as materials and a thermal energy source for making Portland cement. With these methods, FRP can be recycled at a rate of almost 100%.

Flo

Use of Renewable Resources in Packing Materials

Yamaha Motor has begun to use "biomass plastic," a type of plastic with a plant-derived component, for the bags to package motorcycle instruction manuals and some packing materials as one of its environmental measures. This "biomass plastic" is a plastic made of a plant-derived resin component, which is a renewable resource, to replace un-renewable fossil resources like petroleum and coal. Many biomass plastics are made with industrial-use and livestock feed-use corn. The biomass plastic used by Yamaha for package bags and packing materials is one of these corn-based types with a biomass ratio of approximately 30%.

Measures to Reduce Waste and Conserve Resources at the Manufacturing Stage

In 2019, Yamaha Motor generated a total of 14.9 thousand tons of waste.*1 We separate metal, plastic, foundry sand, and other waste for reuse and recycling as raw materials. We also subject oil and some plastics to a thermal recycling process to create materials that can be used as combustion improvers. In addition, we use post-combustion residue as a raw material in cement and roadbeds. As a result, we have maintained our direct and indirect landfill record of "zero tons" (a 100% recycling rate).

The Yamaha Motor Group began tracking its volume of waste from 2016. Group companies in Japan and overseas have been working to reduce their volumes of waste by thoroughly separating waste, introducing returnable packing materials, and using longer-lasting cutting fluids and oils. The Yamaha Motor Group's waste material volume (aggregate for 55 out of 113 companies which are included in the scope of environmental disclosure) in 2019 was 104 thousand tons.

*1 Aggregate volume of materials discharged (including industrial waste, specially controlled industrial waste and materials with value)

Specially controlled industrial waste from Yamaha Motor *2
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
566 t 290 t 277 t 229 t 288 t

*2 Industrial waste materials that are explosive, poisonous, infectious, or otherwise harmful or potentially harmful to human health or the environment

Measuring and Reducing Water Consumption

The Yamaha Motor Group is working to reduce consumption of water. In accordance with our 2050 goal of "reducing water usage in production activities," we continue to strive to measure our global use of water and reduce consumption Groupwide through programs including the reuse of coolant water and water collection (rainwater and other sources) at factories, the reuse of water using reverse osmosis (RO) membranes, posters to remind employees to conserve water, and the installation of water-saving packing in faucets.

In 2019, Yamaha Motor's water intake volume was 1,050 thousand m3 and wastewater volume was 1,160 thousand m3.

Water Intake and Recovered Water Used at the Yamaha Motor Group
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Boundary: Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. and its manufacturing and non-manufacturing consolidated subsidiaries and affiliated companies (88 out of 113 companies which are included in the scope of environmental disclosure)

Breakdown of Water Intake at the Yamaha Motor Group (thousand m3)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Underground water 1,987 1,772 2,221 1,501 1,567
Industrial water 2,253 1,798 1,487 1,448 934
Tap water 391 1,317 575 946 1,184
Other fresh water 114 85 167 258 386
Total water intake 4,745 4,972 4,450 4,153 4,071

Note: Breakdown includes estimated figures.

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