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Basic amigurumi lesson

This video introduces the basics of knitting that you will need to make amigurumi.

Basic Lesson

Amigurumi is a craft in which you knit shapes with wool and stuff them to make three-dimensional objects. It can be said that its most characteristic feature is that you knit with one crochet hook.
There are more and more amigurumi enthusiasts throughout the world and the potential to express yourself is expanding from mostly cute little mascots to bikes such as NIKEN provided by this content.
Have a look at this lesson on the basics and maybe you will try your hand at amigurumi.

もくじ

1 Required tools

Here are the necessary tools in addition to wool.

the necessary tools in addition to wool

[1] stuffing [2] crochet hook [3] scissors [4] tweezers [5] wool needle [6] glue

These tools can be purchased at craft shops or online.

Learn the basics of amigurumi
while making this little ball guy.

Learn the whole basic amigurumi process from starting to knit, to adding rows, changing colours, stuffing, tightening and closing by making this cute little ball guy.
Watch the video and try it out!

2 Casting on a double circle - knitting 1 row

We start with the important amigurumi casting on process up to how to knit the first row.

Casting on a double circle - knitting 1 row

Casting on with a double circle.

  • Pull out around 30cm of wool.

    Pull out around 30cm of wool.

  • Thread the wool from behind your little finger.

    Thread the wool from behind your little finger.

  • Thread over your ring and middle fingers and behind your index finger.

    Thread over your ring and middle fingers and behind your index finger.

  • Thread behind the ring and middle fingers and wrap twice.

    Thread behind the ring and middle fingers and wrap twice.

  • Knit the 1st row. Make a loose fist.

    Knit the 1st row.
    Make a loose fist.

  • Insert the hook at the top of the fingers and loop under the 3 threads.

    Insert the hook at the top of the fingers and loop under the 3 threads.

  • Loop the wool.

    Loop the wool.

  • Pull the wool through. You have cast on a double circle.

    Pull the wool through.
    You have cast on a double circle.

1st row

  • 1st row
  • Knit 1 row round the circle in single crochet.

    Knit 1 row round the circle in single crochet.

  • Insert the hook into the circle and pull the wool towards you.

    Insert the hook into the circle and pull the wool towards you.

  • There are now 2 loops on the hook.

    There are now 2 loops on the hook.

  • Put the wool on the hook and pull through the 2 loops.

    Put the wool on the hook and pull through the 2 loops.

  • You have knitted a single crochet stitch.

    You have knitted a single crochet stitch.

  • Knit round the circle in the same way.

    Knit round the circle in the same way.

3 Tightening the circle - knitting slip stitches - how to add stitches

Tightening the circle - knitting slip stitches - how to add stitches

Tightening the circle

  • Remove your fingers from the knitted fabric.

    Remove your fingers from the knitted fabric.

  • Change to your left hand.

    Change to your left hand.

  • Pull the end of the wool a little.

    Pull the end of the wool a little.

  • Tighten one of the circles.

    Tighten one of the circles.

  • Pull the smaller circle clockwise. Pull it until the other circle is no longer visible.

    Pull the smaller circle clockwise.
    Pull it until the other circle is no longer visible.

  • The other circle is no longer visible.

    The other circle is no longer visible.

  • Pull the wool of the remaining circle until it is no longer visible.

    Pull the wool of the remaining circle until it is no longer visible.

  • The double circle is no longer visible.

    The double circle is no longer visible.

  • Return the loop to the crochet hook.

    Return the loop to the crochet hook.

  • Tighten the loop by pulling the wool towards the knitted fabric.

    Tighten the loop by pulling the wool towards the knitted fabric.

Knit a slip stitch

  • Insert the hook into the first stitch of the single crochet.

    Insert the hook into the first stitch of the single crochet.

  • Wind the wool round the hook and pull through all the loops.

    Wind the wool round the hook and pull through all the loops.

  • This completes the 1st row.

    This completes the 1st row.

  • Knit the first stitch in the starter chain for the 2nd row.

    Knit the first stitch in the starter chain for the 2nd row.

Adding stitches

  • Insert the crochet hook into the 1st stitch of the 1st row.

    Insert the crochet hook into the 1st stitch of the 1st row.

  • Knit in single crochet.

    Knit in single crochet.

  • Insert the crochet hook into the 1st stitch again and knit in single crochet.

    Insert the crochet hook into the 1st stitch again and knit in single crochet.

  • You have added a stitch.

    You have added a stitch.

4 How to knit the 2nd and 3rd rows

How to knit the 2nd and 3rd rows

2nd row

  • 2nd row
  • Continue knitting the 2nd row.

    Continue knitting the 2nd row.

  • You have knitted the 2nd row.

    You have knitted the 2nd row.

3rd row

  • 3rd row
  • Continue knitting the 3rd row.

    Continue knitting the 3rd row.

  • You have knitted the 3rd row. Continue to knit in the same way and the fabric will gradually get bigger.

    You have knitted the 3rd row.
    Continue to knit in the same way and the fabric will gradually get bigger.

5 Changing colours – how to weave in the wool end after changing colours

This video shows how to change colours and how to weave in the wool end.

Changing colours - how to manage the wool after changing colours

Changing colours

  • Change the wool when the last stitch of the previous row is not complete.

    Change the wool when the last stitch of the previous row is not complete.

  • Pick up the new wool.

    Pick up the new wool.

  • Knit in single crochet with the new colour of wool.

    Knit in single crochet with the new colour of wool.

  • Knit a slip stitch.

    Knit a slip stitch.

  • The slip stitch will be knitted in the new colour.

    The slip stitch will be knitted in the new colour.

  • Manage the wool once you have knitted a little after the colour change.

    Weave in the wool end once you have knitted a little after the colour change.

Tie the wool ends.

  • Cut the wool ends to the same length.

    Cut the wool ends to the same length.

  • Tie on the wrong side.

    Tie on the wrong side.

  • Wrap the wool ends twice before pulling.

    Wrap the wool ends twice before pulling.

  • Wrap twice again and tie tightly.

    Wrap twice again and tie tightly.

  • Cut the wool ends short to finish.

    Cut the wool ends short to finish.

6 How to decrease stitches

How to decrease stitches

Decreasing stitches

  • Pull the wool through. Then pull the wool through the next stitch.

    Pull the wool through.
    Then pull the wool through the next stitch.

  • There are 3 loops on the crochet hook. Wrap the wool round the crochet hook and pull through the 3 loops.

    There are 3 loops on the crochet hook.
    Wrap the wool round the crochet hook and pull through the 3 loops.

  • You have decreased the number of stitches by 2.

    You have decreased the number of stitches by 2.

7 Casting off - stuffing - tightening and closing - managing wool

This video shows how to finish knitting, stuff and close.

Casting off - stuffing - tightening and closing - managing wool
  • Leave around 20cm of wool once you have finished knitting and cut.

    Leave around 20cm of wool once you have finished knitting and cut.

Casting off

  • Knit a chain stitch and pull the wool completely through.

    Knit a chain stitch and pull the wool completely through.

  • Pull the wool hard to tighten.

    Pull the wool hard to tighten.

Stuffing

  • Insert the stuffing through the hole where you cast off.

    Insert the stuffing through the hole where you cast off.

  • Hold the torn stuffing with tweezers.

    Hold the torn stuffing with tweezers.

  • Push into the hole. You need a lot of stuffing in so pack it tight.

    Push into the hole.
    You need a lot of stuffing in so pack it tight.

Threading the needle

  • Fold the wool end in two round the needle.

    Fold the wool end in two round the needle.

  • Hold the fold between your fingers and remove the needle.

    Hold the fold between your fingers and remove the needle.

  • Thread the folded wool into the eye of the needle.

    Thread the folded wool into the eye of the needle.

Closing

  • Insert the needle behind the 1st stitch and pull the wool to the front.

    Insert the needle behind the 1st stitch and pull the wool to the front.

  • Pick up the next-but-one stitch to complete the circle.

    Pick up the next-but-one stitch to complete the circle.

  • Pick up the stitch before the slip stitch.

    Pick up the stitch before the slip stitch.

  • Pick up the stitch before the 1st stitch and pull the wool through.

    Pick up the stitch before the 1st stitch and pull the wool through.

  • Tighten well.

    Tighten well.

  • Insert the needle into the closed hole to hide the wool.

    Insert the needle into the closed hole to hide the wool.

  • Sew through the stuffing and bring the needle out at the side.

    Sew through the stuffing and bring the needle out at the side.

Wool end weaving method

  • Tie a knot.

    Tie a knot.

  • Insert the needle in the same place where the wool came out.

    Insert the needle in the same place where the wool came out.

  • Sew through the stuffing and bring the needle out, pulling the knot inside.

    Sew through the stuffing and bring the needle out, pulling the knot inside.

  • Thread the wool through the stuffing twice more without making knots.

    Thread the wool through the stuffing twice more without making knots.

  • Cut the wool close to the knitted fabric.

    Cut the wool close to the knitted fabric.

8 How to knit the string parts from a chain

How to knit the string parts from a chain

Chain stitch

  • Pick up the wool and wrap it round the hook from behind.

    Pick up the wool and wrap it round the hook from behind.

  • Move as if pulling forwards while looping from the bottom.

    Move as if pulling forwards while looping from the bottom.

  • Hold the wool where it intersects.

    Hold the wool where it intersects.

  • Loop the wool and pull through.

    Loop the wool and pull through.

  • Pull the end of the wool tight. This is the start of the chain.

    Pull the end of the wool tight.
    This is the start of the chain.

  • Knit 4 chain stitches.

    Knit 4 chain stitches.

Knitting the string parts

  • Insert the hook into the 3rd chain stitch.

    Insert the hook into the 3rd chain stitch.

  • Knit a slip stitch.

    Knit a slip stitch.

  • Knit slip stitches for the 2nd and 1st stitches, too.

    Knit slip stitches for the 2nd and 1st stitches, too.

  • In the same way, knit a stitch on the 4th stitch.

    In the same way, knit a stitch on the 4th stitch.

  • Knit 3 slip stitches, cast off and cut the wool.

    Knit 3 slip stitches, cast off and cut the wool.

9 How to sew the parts on

How to sew the parts on

How to sew the parts on

  • Use the wool end from the part to attach to the ball.

    Use the wool end from the part to attach to the ball.

  • Fix with wool end weaving method.

    Fix with wool end weaving method.

  • Do the same with the other wool end.

    Do the same with the other wool end.

  • Cut the wool end at the side of the knitted fabric.

    Cut the wool end at the side of the knitted fabric.

10 How to stick the parts on

How to stick the parts on
  • How to stick the parts on Make a hole in the desired position with a dot punch.

    How to stick the parts on
    Make a hole in the desired position with a dot punch.

  • Attach the parts with glue.

    Attach the parts with glue.

  • Insert into the hole.

    Insert into the hole.

  • Insert the dot punch into the fabric to hold and press the parts in.

    Insert the dot punch into the fabric to hold and press the parts in.

11 About the pattern

The pattern is a blueprint with shapes and instructions for how to knit using symbols. It is typically Japanese to have created diagrams for knitting patterns and these are now used all across the world, particularly in Asia, as amigurumi becomes more and more popular.
Finding out the meaning of the symbols and deciphering the pattern is one of the joys of amigurumi.

Major pattern symbols

  • Pattern symbol

    Chain stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Single crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Half double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Treble crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Double treble crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Rolled stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Slip stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Reverse single crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Back loop single crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Back loop half double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Back loop double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Single crochet through the back loop

  • Pattern symbol

    Front post single crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Front post half double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Front post double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Back post single crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Back post half double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Back post double crochet

  • Pattern symbol

    Single crochet loop stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Knit 3 single crochet stitches into next stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Knit 2 half double crochet stitches into next stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Knit 3 half double crochet stitches into next stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Knit 2 double crochet stitches into next stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Knit 3 double crochet stitches into next stitch

  • Pattern symbol

    Knit 3 double crochet stitches into a bunch

  • Pattern symbol

    Single crochet 2 stitches together

  • Pattern symbol

    Single crochet 3 stitches together

  • Pattern symbol

    Half double crochet 2 stitches together

  • Pattern symbol

    Half double crochet 3 stitches together

  • Pattern symbol

    Double crochet 2 stitches together

  • Pattern symbol

    Double crochet 3 stitches together

  • Pattern symbol

    Half double crochet 3 stitch bobble

  • Pattern symbol

    Double crochet 3 stitch bobble

  • Pattern symbol

    Join the chain

※ Only symbols that are used in these contents are shown here.

As an example, the following pattern is read as follows.

Pattern
RowsStitches
421 ※
321(+7)
241(+7)
17

※ Reverse single crochet

1st row
Knit 1 starter chain stitch to cast on the circle.
Knit 7 single crochet stitches.
Knit a slip stitch.
2nd row
Knit 1 starter chain stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches). Knit 7 stitches this way.
Knit a slip stitch.
3rd row
Knit 1 starter chain stitch.
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit a slip stitch.
4th row
Knit 1 starter chain stitch.
Knit 21 reverse single crochet stitches.
Knit a slip stitch.
Pattern
RowsStitches
344
244(+4)
140

18th chain stitch

Knit 18 chain stitches.
1st row
Knit 1 starter chain stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 16 single crochet stitches.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Turn the fabric over.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 16 single crochet stitches.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit a slip stitch.
2nd row
Knit 1 starter chain stitch.
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 16 single crochet stitches.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 2 single crochet stitches.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 16 single crochet stitches.
Knit 2 single crochet stitches into next stitch (increase stitches).
Knit 1 single crochet stitch.
Knit a slip stitch.
3rd row
Knit 2 starter chain stitches.
Knit 2 half double crochet stitches into next stitch.
Knit 1 half double crochet stitch.
Single crochet 2 stitches together (decrease stitches),
Knit 14 single crochet stitches.
Single crochet 2 stitches together (decrease stitches),
Knit 1 half double crochet stitch.
Add 2 half double crochet stitches into next stitch.
Knit 1 half double crochet stitch.
Single crochet 2 stitches together (decrease stitches),
Knit 14 single crochet stitches.
Single crochet 2 stitches together (decrease stitches),
Knit 1 half double crochet stitch.
Knit 2 half double crochet stitches into next stitch.
Knit a slip stitch.
Knit 1 half double crochet stitch.
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