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Lion

Papercraft kit : The lion, the king of beasts.

Rare Animals of the World

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The lion is a rare animal and now only found in limited parts of Africa and India. “The king of beasts” is classified as “Vulnerable [VU]” in the RED LIST.

Download and enjoy the paper craft of the majestic lion.

Download - Parts sheet & InstructionsThis data was released in February, 2004.

Lion - Animal Guide

  • Lion - Family Felidae
  • Panthera leo
  • Length: Male 170 - 250 cm Female 140 - 180 cm / Tail Length: Male 90 - 105 cm Female 70 - 100 cm / Mass: Male 150 - 250 kg Female 120 - 185 kg
  • 2016 Edition of the RED LIST categories : Vulnerable [VU]

The lion is one of the biggest cats like the tiger. The body is covered with short buff-colored fur and adult male lions have a mane. The muscular beast not only has strong limbs but also powerful jaws. They may eat mice, rabbits and small birds, although they mainly feed on large-sized mammals weighing from 50 to 500 kg. They quietly move as close as possible to the prey, and then when they attack, they sink their teeth into the neck, cutting off the air supply. After the prey animal suffocates to death, lions start eating from soft internal organs. While male lions almost never hunt, lionesses form a group of 4 to 6 and cooperate when they hunt for food. Although the lion can run as fast as 60 km per hour, the success rate of hunting is only about 30 % even during the day.
Unlike most other large cats, lions form a pack called a “pride.” There can be as many as 20 to 40 members in one pride. It is mostly the male lions’ job to fight with other males that try to take over the pride. A pride usually contains 2 or 3 related adult male lions, all of which cooperate in keeping other males out of their territory.
After a gestation period of 14 to 15 weeks, females give birth to a litter of 3 cubs on average. Cubs start walking after 10 - 15 days, and after 4 - 8 weeks, mothers start teaching them how to hunt.

Habitat

These creatures ranged in historic times throughout Europe, Middle East, Western India and Africa. Currently, most lions are found only in Eastern Africa, then Southern Africa, and very few in Western Africa and the forests of Western India. The decrease in numbers is attributed to various causes; not only are they a target for hunters, they are often exterminated because they attack livestock. Land development and lack of food supply are also a part of the reasons. The number of wild lions was 50 to 100 thousand in the 1990’s and the decrease has not stopped.

Habitat range: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Eastern Africa, and the forests of Western India

About Red List

The Red List is the material prepared by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) classifying various threatened wild animals of the world and reporting their present habitat status.

The List evaluates the extinction risk level of each individual species from a biological viewpoint, but it possesses no legal power to enforce regulations concerning threatened species. The Red List is broadly employed as fundamental information in advancing the preservation of threatened wild animals.

Referring to the original Red List, the Environment Agency of Japan has compiled the Japanese edition of the List listing threatened taxa inhabiting Japan.

2016 Edition of the RED LIST CATEGORIES and classified as follows:
Extinct EX No known individuals remaining.
Extinct in the Wild EW Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
Critically Endangered CR Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Endangered EN High risk of extinction in the wild.
Vulnerable VU High risk of endangerment in the wild.
Near Threatened NT Likely to become endangered in the near future.
Least Concern LC Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at-risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
Data Deficient DD Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction.
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