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Little Spotted Kiwi

Papercraft kit : A Little Spotted Kiwi with a round body and a long bill.

Rare Animals of the World

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The Little Spotted Kiwi is the smallest specie of kiwi, a flightless bird with developed legs, and it is classified as “Near Threatened [NT]” in the Red List.

Download and enjoy the paper craft of the Little Spotted Kiwi, with a short, round body and a long beak.

Download - Parts sheet & InstructionsThis data was released in July, 2002.

Little Spotted Kiwi - Animal Guide

  • Little Spotted Kiwi - Apterygidae
  • Apteryx owenii
  • Length: 35 - 45 cm / Mass: 1 - 2 kg
  • 2016 Edition of the RED LIST categories : Near Threatened [NT]

There are three species of kiwi; Kiwi, Great Spotted Kiwi, and Little Spotted Kiwi. Smallest of the three, the Little Spotted Kiwi has a round body covered with grayish brown feathers. Dark brown lines on the body make it look “spotted” as its name suggests. Kiwi cannot fly because of degenerated wings and tail feathers. Instead, its strong pair of legs enables it to run quickly.
It is believed that Kiwi has evolved to its wing-less body because there weren’t any predators in its native land of New Zealand.
Unlike most other birds, the Little Spotted Kiwi has weak eyesight; instead it senses its environment by smell. It also has long whiskers at the end of the beak, helping it smell out what’s going on around them.
The Little Spotted Kiwi is nocturnal. It remains in a shelter burrow on the forest floor during daylight hours and hunts for earthworms, insects, and fallen fruits at night.
The breeding season is from June to February. It lays very large eggs for its size. The Little Spotted Kiwi’s eggs are 4 to 5 times heavier and 6 times higher in mass than eggs of other similar sized birds. Perhaps because of that, the nutritional value is extremely high, and chicks are fully developed at only 4 weeks after hatching.

Habitat

The Little Spotted Kiwi lives in forests and shrublands. Its habitat used to spread all over South Island and parts of North Island; however, only 1,000 birds on Kapiti Island (located at the northwestern tip of North Island, New Zealand) and 100 on four other smaller islands such as Red Mercury Island are identified.
Poaching by humans, the introduction of mammal species, such as rats and cats, and other factors have contributed to the decline in the number of the Little Spotted Kiwi. Human destruction of its habitat is also one of such factors. The Little Spotted Kiwi and all other Kiwis are now protected under the governmental policy of New Zealand, which imposes a total ban of export of kiwi.

Habitat range: Kapiti Island, etc.

About Red List

The Red List is the material prepared by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) classifying various threatened wild animals of the world and reporting their present habitat status.

The List evaluates the extinction risk level of each individual species from a biological viewpoint, but it possesses no legal power to enforce regulations concerning threatened species. The Red List is broadly employed as fundamental information in advancing the preservation of threatened wild animals.

Referring to the original Red List, the Environment Agency of Japan has compiled the Japanese edition of the List listing threatened taxa inhabiting Japan.

2016 Edition of the RED LIST CATEGORIES and classified as follows:
Extinct EX No known individuals remaining.
Extinct in the Wild EW Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
Critically Endangered CR Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Endangered EN High risk of extinction in the wild.
Vulnerable VU High risk of endangerment in the wild.
Near Threatened NT Likely to become endangered in the near future.
Least Concern LC Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at-risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
Data Deficient DD Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction.
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