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South African Hedgehog

Papercraft kit : A South African Hedgehog covered with distinctive quills.

Rare Animals of the World

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Despite its adorable appearance, the South African Hedgehog threatens the attacker by erecting its sharp quills on its back. It is classified as “Least Concern [LC]” in the Red List.

Download and enjoy the paper craft of the South African Hedgehog covered with distinctive short quills.

Download - Parts sheet & InstructionsThis data was released in October, 2002.

South African Hedgehog - Animal Guide

  • South African Hedgehog - Erinaceidae
  • Atelerix frontalis
  • Length: 15 - 20 cm / Mass: 250 - 600 g
  • 2016 Edition of the RED LIST categories : Least Concern [LC]

Just like other species of the hedgehog, the South African Hedgehog has a spiny coat with as many as 5,000 quills. When a hedgehog senses danger, it erects the previously flat quills and makes a high-pitched screech in order to intimidate the attacker. The body, quills, and face are dark or reddish brown, and there are conspicuous white band across the forehead, cheeks, and through the shoulders. Each hedgehog has different coloring and, occasionally, even white hedgehogs are found. South African Hedgehogs have good hearing although their eyesight and sense of smell are not so keen.
Being nocturnal, South African Hedgehogs sleep in bushes, rock crevices, dugout termite hills during the day, and searches for food from dusk. Although they are predominantly insectivorous and particularly love termites, they also eat a wide variety of food such as small reptiles, earthworms, slugs, and even bird eggs, seeds, leaves, and fallen fruits.
The breeding season is from December to March, and a litter is usually from two to seven. They find a burrow abandoned by termites or a shallow depression in the ground, cover it with a thick mat of leaf debris and sticks, and raise their young here. When born, hoglets have a fluid saturated membrane covering their quills so as not to hurt the mother’s womb and birth canal. At about 36 hours after birth, very soft, hair-like quills become visible, but it takes a few days for them to harden.


South African Hedgehogs live in southern Africa. They are found in grassland, open thornveld, and shrubs in an arid region, but not in deserts. Because of their adorable appearances, the demands for hedgehogs as a pet lead to poaching. Many are also killed by indigenous people for food. However, it is agricultural development that is considered to have caused a large decline in the number of this species.

Habitat range: Southern Africa

About Red List

The Red List is the material prepared by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) classifying various threatened wild animals of the world and reporting their present habitat status.

The List evaluates the extinction risk level of each individual species from a biological viewpoint, but it possesses no legal power to enforce regulations concerning threatened species. The Red List is broadly employed as fundamental information in advancing the preservation of threatened wild animals.

Referring to the original Red List, the Environment Agency of Japan has compiled the Japanese edition of the List listing threatened taxa inhabiting Japan.

2016 Edition of the RED LIST CATEGORIES and classified as follows:
Extinct EX No known individuals remaining.
Extinct in the Wild EW Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
Critically Endangered CR Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Endangered EN High risk of extinction in the wild.
Vulnerable VU High risk of endangerment in the wild.
Near Threatened NT Likely to become endangered in the near future.
Least Concern LC Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at-risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
Data Deficient DD Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction.
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