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Cuban Crocodile

Papercraft kit : The Cuban Crocodile has the most temperamental disposition of all crocodiles.

Rare Animals of the World

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Small but fierce, the Cuban crocodile is a rare species found only in, you might have guessed, Cuba. The species is classified as “Critically Endangered [CR]” in the Red List.

This small predator with powerful jaws is the newest addition to Yamaha's “Rare Animals of the World” paper craft collection. Download and enjoy!

Download - Parts sheet & InstructionsThis data was released in September, 2001.

Cuban Crocodile - Animal Guide

  • Cuban Crocodile - Crocodylidae
  • Crocodylus rhombifer
  • Length: 2.5 - 3.5 m
  • 2016 Edition of the RED LIST categories : Critically Endangered [CR]

The Cuban crocodile is one of the smaller crocodiles in the world and it is said to resemble the primitive species.
The Cuban crocodile has a distinct snout, the anterior part of the head, which is shorter and broader than other species.
The body is armored with heavy scales and there are six orderly rows of elevated large scales forming a dorsal shield up to the back of its neck. Another feature distinguishing them from other crocodilians is a bony ridge behind the eyes.
Coloration is light brown with dark markings. The belly is brown with no distinctive markings and there are black speckles on the side of the lower jaw.
The Cuban crocodile, found in freshwater marshes and swamps, is nocturnal just like other crocodilians.
It feeds on amphibians, fish, birds, and, sometimes, small mammals. It hunts by lying still in the water until its prey comes near the water. The Cuban crocodile, then, catches the prey with its powerful jaws and drags it into the water.
The unusual structure of its tongue allows it to eat prey under water without drowning.
Although particularly aggressive compared to other crocodilians, the Cuban crocodile is relatively easy to breed. It is even documented that some well-tamed Cuban crocodiles performed in shows for a circus.

Habitat

As its name suggests, the Cuban crocodile lives in Cuba. Once distributed throughout Cuba, its range is now restricted to only two locations; the Zabata Swamp and the Lanier Swamp.
About twenty-some years ago, the development of farmland drove the crocodiles out of their habitat, putting them in the danger of extinction. After the government established a faunal reserve in the Zabata Swamp, the species recovered in number. The genetic integrity, however, is threatened by hybridization with the American crocodile, which was brought to the reserve at the same time.
In the Lanier Swamp, on the other hand, juveniles have been preyed upon by the species called the spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilius). Although attempts have been made to preserve the Cuban crocodile, the success rate of artificial incubation is low, making it difficult to increase the number of this species.

Habitat range: The Zabata Swamp and the Lanier Swamp in Cuba.

About Red List

The Red List is the material prepared by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) classifying various threatened wild animals of the world and reporting their present habitat status.

The List evaluates the extinction risk level of each individual species from a biological viewpoint, but it possesses no legal power to enforce regulations concerning threatened species. The Red List is broadly employed as fundamental information in advancing the preservation of threatened wild animals.

Referring to the original Red List, the Environment Agency of Japan has compiled the Japanese edition of the List listing threatened taxa inhabiting Japan.

2016 Edition of the RED LIST CATEGORIES and classified as follows:
Extinct EX No known individuals remaining.
Extinct in the Wild EW Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
Critically Endangered CR Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Endangered EN High risk of extinction in the wild.
Vulnerable VU High risk of endangerment in the wild.
Near Threatened NT Likely to become endangered in the near future.
Least Concern LC Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at-risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
Data Deficient DD Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction.
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