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Polar Bear

Papercraft kit : The polar bear, one of the largest carnivorous beasts.

Rare Animals of the World

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The polar bear, just like the brown bear, is one of the largest carnivorous animals that currently exist on land. As its name suggests, they live only in the North Pole. The polar bear is registered as "Vulnerable [VU]" in the Red List.

Download and enjoy the paper craft of the polar bear, with a large body covered with pure white coat.

Download - Parts sheet & InstructionsThis data was released in September, 2001.

Polar Bear - Animal Guide

  • Polar Bear - Ursidae
  • Thalarctosmaritimus
  • Length: 2 - 2.5m / Weight: 420 - 500kg (male), 150 - 300kg (female)
  • 2016 Edition of the RED LIST categories : Vulnerable [VU]

Polar bears, just like their cousin, brown bears, are one of the largest carnivorous animals that exist on land. Adult males can become as large as 2 - 2.5 meters in length, 420 - 500kg in weight. Even an 800-kg male has been documented. Considering that the Japanese brown bears grow to be as big as 300kg, you can imagine how enormous the polar bears are.
Polar bears are distinct from other types of bears in their heads that are rather small for the large bodies, long slender necks, and fur between pads and toes that prevents slippage when walking on icy surfaces.
As the nickname, the "white bear", suggests, polar bears' bodies are covered with white coat. The coloration may vary from pure white to creamy yellow or pale brown. The dense white coat actually holds the secrets to keep them from freezing in the severely cold weather of the Arctic; it works as insulation well as water repellant. Polar bears can easily shake free of water after swimming in the icy ocean.
Polar bears also hold higher percentage of body fat than other types of bears, enabling them to maintain the body temperature easily.
The white-wooly animal eats walruses and fish but mainly feeds on seals. Being good swimmers, they often dive in the water to hunt. They may travel from the coastline to the inland in spring and feed on vegetation, birds, and even reindeer.
Although polar bears do not usually hibernate, pregnant females spend winter in maternity dens under snow and give birth to one to two cubs weighing approximately 800g around January.

Habitat

Polar bears inhabit in the circumpolar north. In the late 1940's, the human started hunting with modern equipment, and the number of polar bears was on the decline. In 1976, five nations with polar bear populations entered into an international agreement to conserve the specie. Since then, the number of polar bears has been recovered and is now estimated at 24,000 - 27,000.

Habitat range: The circumpolar north.

About Red List

The Red List is the material prepared by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) classifying various threatened wild animals of the world and reporting their present habitat status.

The List evaluates the extinction risk level of each individual species from a biological viewpoint, but it possesses no legal power to enforce regulations concerning threatened species. The Red List is broadly employed as fundamental information in advancing the preservation of threatened wild animals.

Referring to the original Red List, the Environment Agency of Japan has compiled the Japanese edition of the List listing threatened taxa inhabiting Japan.

2016 Edition of the RED LIST CATEGORIES and classified as follows:
Extinct EX No known individuals remaining.
Extinct in the Wild EW Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
Critically Endangered CR Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Endangered EN High risk of extinction in the wild.
Vulnerable VU High risk of endangerment in the wild.
Near Threatened NT Likely to become endangered in the near future.
Least Concern LC Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at-risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
Data Deficient DD Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction.
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