Integrated Report 2021(For the year ended December 31, 2020)

原材料  EVバッテリー製造時  組立時  廃棄時  Strategies The Yamaha Motor Group has set a new target of achieving carbon neutrality throughout all of its business activities, including across the life cycles of its products, by 2050. Climate change, resource recycling, and biodiversity have been defined as priority action themes, and to that end, we have laid down goals to reach by 2050 along with targets that function as milestones to hit by 2030. Efforts toward accomplishing these goals and targets are moving forward based on three-year medium-term plans and meeting these targets will enable us to continue delivering new Kando and more fulfilling lives to people all over the world. Yamaha Motor’s Initiatives 1 Uniquely Yamaha Carbon Neutrality StrategiesYamaha Motor began working to address climate change in the 1980s. We launched the PAS as the world’s first electrically power-assisted bicycle (e-Bike) in 1993 and then proposed a new form of mobility with the Passol electric urban commuter model in 2002. In the years that followed, we proceeded to expand our line of electrified mobility options in various categories, including golf cars, wheelchairs, and outboard motors. The PAS in particular was developed based on the concept of a user- and eco-friendly per-sonal commuter model placing top priority on performance in tune with human sensibilities, and it created an all-new market outside the realms of bicycles or motorcycles. Today, Yamaha e-Bikes are being increasingly used in place of scooters and smaller automobiles in Japanese cities, while in Europe and the United States, the market is growing for e-Bikes as a new genre of outdoor recreation.Toward achieving a carbon-neutral society by 2050, Yamaha Motor will continue to create new value not only with its motorcycles but also with new, uniquely Yamaha proposals for personal mobility.Proposal of Smaller, Eco-Friendly Forms of MobilityYamaha Motor is proposing compact forms of mobility with small environmental footprints that produce fewer CO2 emissions across the entire product life cycle, from raw material procurement to manufacturing, use, and disposal. Motorcycles, for example, use internal combustion engines (ICEs) that emit 70% less CO2 through-out their life cycles than cars, and electric motorcycles emit 75% less.In addition, it is possible to reduce CO2 emissions effectively by cutting down the emissions in battery manufacturing processes and installing more charging facilities that use renewable energy.Basic Policies Further reduce the amount of CO2 emissions per person• Transition to more efficient power sources as well as those with lower CO2 emissions• Promote small mobility vehicles with low CO2 emissionsCO2 emissions per personReduction of CO2 Emissions through Optimal StreamliningVehicle sizeMarine productsMotorcyclesPASFCVsBEVsHEVsBEVsUtilization of Smaller Forms of MobilityCO2 emissions per personVehicle sizeMarine productsMotorcyclesPASCarsNew market area 1New market area 2Basis for CalculationsVehicle production: Calculated using emissions from raw material production, battery produc-tion, assembly, and disposalEnergy production: Calculated using emissions from fuel production and electricity generationICE and electric cars: Calculated based on International Energy Agency standardsICE motorcycles: Calculated assuming an annual riding distance of 15,000 km and 10 years of use with a 125cc Yamaha vehicleElectric motorcycles: Calculated with the same distance and use period for a model in an equivalent performance classSource for car data: Global EV Outlook 2020, International Energy AgencyNote: ICE = Internal combustion engine, an engine that generates power through the combustion of fuel; BEV = Battery electric vehicle, a vehicle that uses the electricity stored in an onboard rechargeable battery to power its electric motor; HEV = Hybrid electric vehicle, a vehicle that uses both an engine and an electric motor for propulsion; and FCV = Fuel cell vehicle, a vehicle propelled by an electric motor using power generated by a fuel cellICE carsICE motorcyclesElectric carsElectric motorcycles Raw materials  CO2 in EV battery production  During assembly  Waste   Energy production  When driving–70%CarsBEVsFCVs–75%Energy productionVehicle productionEnergy productionVehicle productionWhen drivingComparison of CO2 Emissions in Product Life Cycles27Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. Integrated Report 2021

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